b-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone is a 22 amino acid peptide produced from metabolism of Proopiomelanocortin. One of the fragments of Proopiomelano-cortin is b-Lipotropin which is further fragmented to form g-Lipotropin and b-Endorphin. g-Lipotropin is then metabolized to form b-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone. The major biological property of b-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone is hyperpigmentation. It also stimulates Aldosterone secretion and is excreted by the placenta. b-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone is the major melanocortin in man. b-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone has been found in elevated levels in cases of ectopic ACTH tumors and also in some non-endocrine tumors. b-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone has also been shown to accentuate attention resulting in improved memory, heightened arousal and increased fear.
Up to 150 pg/ml
b-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone is measured by direct radioimmunoassay.
Patient should not be on any Steroid, ACTH, or hypertension medication, if possible, for at least 48 hours prior to collection of specimen. Morning, fasting specimens are preferred; non-fasting specimens are acceptable.
3mL EDTA plasma should be collected and separated as soon as possible. Freeze specimen immediately after separation. Minimum specimen size is 1mL. Serum is no longer accepted for ISI’s assay.
For tumor/tissue and various fluids (i.e. CSF, peritoneal, synovial, etc.) contact the Institute for requirements and special handling.
Ship specimens frozen in dry ice.
1. DB Seifer and RL Collins. Current Concepts of b-Endorphin Physiology in Female Reproductive Dysfunction. Clinical Chemistry 54: 757-771, 1990.
2. Y Hirata, N Sakamoto, S Matsukura, and H Imura. Plasma Levels of b-Msh and ACTH during Acute Stresses and Metyrapone Administration in Man. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 41: 1092, 1975.